G.K. Beale on the Assurance of Salvation

At the recommendation my dear friend Nathan Martin (@nater_Martin) I spent some time last night reading the excursus in G.K. Beale’s “A New Testament Biblical Theology” on the assurance of salvation (pgs. 865-870). Assurance is one of the most important doctrines for a new believer to comprehend, but unfortunately it is often presented in ways that are at best unhelpful and at worst can be unbiblical. Instead of offering trite sayings or clichés, Beal provides us with a clear, simple and Biblical model for understanding the assurance of salvation. He argues that we can understand assurance as a triangle, “with each angle contributing to an aspect of assurance. “

BealeTriangle

Trust in God’s Promise of Salvation

 Beal states that, “First, God promises throughout the NT that those who place their faith in Christ and his redemptive work will receive an inner assurance that they have truly benefitted from Christ’s work (the top of the triangle).” (p.867) He then cites 1 John 5:9-15 as a classic example of this teaching in Scripture:

If we receive the testimony of men, the testimony of God is greater, for this is the testimony of God that he has borne concerning his Son. Whoever believes in the Son of God has the testimony in himself. Whoever does not believe God has made him a liar, because he has not believed in the testimony that God has borne concerning his Son. And this is the testimony, that God gave us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have the Son of God does not have life. I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God that you may know that you have eternal life. And this is the confidence that we have toward him, that if we ask anything according to his will he hears us. And if we know that he hears us in whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests that we have asked of him.

This passages teaches us that “God ‘has testified’ that ‘eternal life’ comes through belief in ‘His Son,’ and those ‘who believe’ in the Son ‘have the testimony in ‘themselves.’” (p.868) We have the assurance of God’s Word that He has given life to all who believe.

Good Works

The Bible clearly teaches that no one will be saved by their good works, but it is also equally adamant that those who have been saved will produce good works. Beale uses Ephesians 2:8-10 to demonstrate this point:

For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.

Verses 8 and 9 are universally used to demonstrate the Biblical teaching concerning justification by faith alone, however; we often skip the next verse. Verse 10 is important because it teaches that as believers we are saved to do “good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them,” Beal says, “..one who has truly been resurrected (Eph 2:4-6) and thus becomes a part of the new creation will inevitably and increasingly be characterized by good works (Eph 2:10) instead of behaving like “dead people” in bondage to “trespasses and sins” (Eph 2:1-3).” (p.868)

One of the ways that I explain this to new believers is that the greatest evidence of genuine salvation is a changed life. 2 Corinthians 5:17 says, “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.” This new life is exhibited through a change in behavior and attitudes that lead to good works. These good works not only demonstrate to others that we have received a new life, but also serve as assurance to us that God has indeed transformed our lives through the gospel. Beal says, “…believer’s assurance of truly being part of the new creation comes as they look back at their former life and see the changes that have come about as they look back at their former life and see the changes that have come about since they became Christian.” (p.869)

Conviction by the Spirit

Many years ago I heard an evangelist say that one of the ways that we know we are saved is that “whenever we fall into sin we are immediately convicted by the indwelling Holy Spirit.” He summed this teaching up by saying, “We can’t get away with anything.” Looking back this was one of the most evident signs to me that something had changed in my life. I can remember shortly after I was saved falling under tremendous conviction for uttering a curse word on the playground. What had been a regular activity before now suddenly felt out of place and wrong.

Beal closes by saying, “…faithful, growing Christians should receive multiple assurances from these three angles, which have a cumulative force, enhancing the overall sense of confidence about the reality of their Christians experience.”(p.870) But also warns that, “no confidence should exist in those who profess to believe in Jesus but who reflect no discernible change for the good in their lifestyles and who have no conviction about changing their sinful ways.”

G.K. Beale “A New Testament Biblical Theology: The Unfolding of the Old Testament in the New” (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2011)

Why Do We Give?

As church leaders we are charged with the responsibility of teaching our people good Biblical stewardship.  In other words, we have to talk to them about how they use their time, talent, treasure and temple to glorify God.  One of the hardest areas that we have to deal with is the issue of giving.  This always a sensitive subject, however, I believe that our focus needs to be more on teaching people “why” they give than “how much they give.”  The truth of the matter is that someone can give a large sum of money but if they give it for the wrong reason it is all for naught.  The reason that we give is far more important to God than the amount that we give.  Turn in your Bible to 2 Corinthians 8:1-15 and let me show you three principle that should guide our attitude in giving.

1.  Our Giving Should Reflect Our Understanding of the Grace of God (v. 1-7)

Paul uses the churches in Macedonia as an example for the Corinthians of how they should give, but notice that the emphasis is immediately on the grace of God.  In the first verse of this passage, Paul says, “We want you to know, brothers, about the grace of God that has been given among the churches of Macedonia…”  He then goes on to describe how, even though they were experiencing a time of extreme poverty and a test of affliction, they still had given more generously than anyone would have expected.  This was clear evidence of the grace of God at work in the Macedonians, but also reflects their understanding of His grace.  They gave beyond their means because of their experience of grace.

In verse 2 Paul lays out a rather unusual and unexpected formula for wealth.  We tend to think of wealth only in terms of material blessings and abundance.  But Paul says that  Joy + Sever Affliction + Poverty = Wealth.  This is contrary to everything that we are taught by the world, but it is a fundamental Christian truth.  The Macedonians were poor by the world’s standards but rich in God’s economy.

Understanding the grace of God produces a sense of gratitude and humility in our hearts.  It reminds us that everything that we have has been given to us by God.  We own nothing, it has all been placed on loan to us by God and we are responsible for using everything for His glory.  The deeper we understand the grace of God, the more generous we will become.  As ministers, therefore, our teaching on stewardship needs to begin by thoroughly teaching our people about and celebrating the truth of God’s grace.

2. Our giving must be motivated by the Gospel (v.8-11)

I often say to our church that “Paul never encountered a problem that he didn’t solve through the Gospel.”  The gospel is the primary reference point for Paul’s worldview, therefore, when he was dealing with marriage problems in Corinth he settled them through the gospel.  When he was dealing the relationship between a runaway slave and his owner in Philemon, he fixed the problem by applying the gospel.  It should be no surprise then that when Paul deals with giving that he focuses our attention on the gospel.

In verse 8 he tells the Corinthians that he is not commanding them to give but then in v.9 he immediately turns to the Gospel, “For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich.” There is no better example of giving in the history of the world than Jesus giving His life on the cross to pay the penalty for our sin.  Throughout the history of the church those who have understood the gospel the best were also those who were most willing to sacrifice and give all they had to give for His cause.

Honestly, I am afraid that far too often in the church we resort to a worldly, materialistic motivation for giving.  I hear preachers all of stripes and theological persuasions attempt to motivate church members to give so that they will receive back from God.  Recently, I heard a preacher actually quantify the amounts, he would say things like, “God will restore to you 30 times what you give, so if you give $1,000 He will return your gift thirty-fold.”  He then when on to ask, “How many of you could use $30,000?”  As the hands went up all around he then said, “So come and give your seed gift of $1,000 and God will return your investment thirty-fold.”  This kind of plea misses the point of New Testament giving completely.  We don’t give to receive, we give because Jesus gave His life to save us, therefore, everything we have belongs to Him! When we give we are supposed to reflect the gospel, not the basest forms of human greed.

3. Our Giving Should Reflect Our Participation in the Body of Christ (v.12-15)

In these verses, Paul reminds the Corinthians that they are participants in the body of Christ.  He then cites Exodus 16:18 to show that in the wilderness God provided the needs of the children of Israel by sending manna and quail.  It is important to go back and read all of Exodus 16 to really capture the context of this verse.  When you do, you will see that Paul is really saying two things by citing this verse.

First, he is pointing out that God always provides for the needs of His people.  One of the most amazing things about the manna and quail is that every Israelite family has exactly what they needed. Those who gathered much had exactly what they needed and those who gathered just a little had exactly what they needed.  In other words, God made sure to cover their need.

Second, he is making the point that since Corinth had an abundance of material resources while others had less, they needed to give out of their abundance to help those in need.  Furthermore, there would be a day when these rolls were reversed and Corinth would be on the receiving end of Christian generosity.

As we give we need to remember that every member of the body of Christ is called to participate in the life of the church.  Not only does this apply to the local church but also to the church universal.  In the recent years our church here in Illinois has been involved in helping a church in Blanquette, Haitit.  While our church has been able to send large amounts of material aid to the church there, I feel sure that we have received more blessings than we have given.  The dear people of Haiti have done more to teach our people about the gospel and about what it means to live out the gospel than they can possibly imagine.

Conclusion

Christian giving is a reflection of the gospel of Jesus Christ and a basic part of the Christian life.  As Pastors and church leaders we have a responsibility for teaching our people good stewardship.  But as we do, we need to make sure that we teach them as much about “why” they give as “how much” they should give.